Scientific Name:

Endospermum spp. (Family: Euphorbiaceae)  

General Description:

Light Hardwood, only one species, viz. E. diadenum, occurs in Peninsular Malaysia, while in Sabah and Sarawak there is another species, E. peltatum. Also known as Sesendok (Brunei); Kavula and Lekutu (Fiji); Bakota (India); Kayu labu, Membulan and Sendok-sendok (Indonesia); Basswood and Tau (Papua New Guinea); Gubas (Philippines); Endospermum-sasa and Hongopo (Soloman Islands); and Famo, Lokhao and Taphong (Thailand).  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 305-655 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: bright yellow when fresh, often with a green tinge and darkens to light brown on exposure
  • Sapwood: not differentiated from the heartwood

Spot Characters:

  • texture is rather coarse but even with spiral, shallowly interlocked or slightly wavy grain
  • nailing property is excellent
  • the logs are usually reasonably sound but small areas of spongy heart may occur. Severe borer damage as well as staining will occur if there is delay in extracting felled logs


The timber is a favoured species for the manufacture of match splints and boxes. The timber is also suitable for pattern making, drawing boards, plywood, packing boxes and crates, toys, wooden clogs, disposable chopsticks, pencil, ladies shoe sole, tooth picks and furniture.