Scientific Name:

Sindora spp. and Copaifera palustris (Family: Leguminosae)  

General Description:

A light hardwood. Trees are usually medium sized but sometimes large with cylindrical bole. Sepetir trees are found scattered in lowland dipterocarp forest on flat land and hillsides, up to 300 m altitude, but in Peninsular Malaysia sometimes up to 800 m.  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 530-785 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: pink-brown, gold-brown or red-brown, darkening on exposure; timber often streaked with darker coloured layers and very much resembles the more popular Walnut timber,
  • Sapwood: light grey-brown or beige with a pink tinge and is clearly defined from the heartwood.

Spot Characters:

  • wood is light to medium in weight
  • growth ring figure due to the presence of layers of parenchyma, sometimes containing dark-coloured oil secreted from the oil canals
  • vessels are medium sized, solitary and in radial arrangement
  • terminal and irregularly spaced parenchyma bands are distinct enclosing oil canals
  • unlike the timber from the Dipterocarp family where the resin is usually solidified, filing up the resin canals, the oil inĀ  Sepetir usually evaporates, leaving empty canals.


The timber is suitable for general planking and light construction works. However, the decorative nature of the timber makes it suitable for panelling, furniture manufacture, domestic flooring and interior works. It is also suitable for sliced veneer and rotary veneer production.