Scientific Name:

Hevea brasiliensis (Family: Euphorbiaceae)  

General Description:

A light hardwood. The trunks are normally tapered and only short boles are available. Thus, planks of Rubberwood are usually less than 2 m. The timber has an attractive growth ring figure on its tangential surface.  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 560-640 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: straw-coloured with a pink tinge to light red-brown
  • Sapwood: not differentiated from the heartwood

Spot Characters:

  • wood light
  • vessels large, and distinct to the naked eye
  • tyloses abundant
  • wood parenchyma reticulate
  • latex smell when fresh


The timber is used extensively for the manufacture of furniture. Other major uses include flooring, toys, fruit bowls, chopping blocks, interior finishing, panelling, mouldings, charcoal manufacture, wooden pallets, stair threads, banisters and other staircase components. It has also been used as core material for blockboards and has benn chipped for pulp and paper manufacture. Rubberwood is the main source of fibre for the production of medium density fibreboard (MDF) in Malaysia.