Scientific Name:

Species of the family Sapotaceae (mainly from the genera Madhuca, Palaquium and Payena)  

General Description:

A light hardwood. The trees range from small to large and widely found in the lowlands, freshwater swamps, sea coast and mountains. The bark tends to exude a white latex when injured.  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 400-1,075 kg/m3┬ábut majority of the timber are within the range of 640-720 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: deep pink-brown or red-brown
  • Sapwood: fairly distinct, lighter in colour

 Spot Characters:

  • vessel medium sized and arranged in radial groups in chain like formation
  • parenchyma tissue in narrow, closely spaced bands
  • rays very fine, not visible to naked eyes
  • vague growth ring figure on flat-sawn surface


Nyatoh is a popular timber for furniture and solid door manufacture. It is suitable for high-class decorative interior finishing such as panelling and partitioning. Other uses include strip and parquet flooring, ceilings, boat decking, staircases, rotary and sliced veneers, plywood and pallets.