Scientific Name:

Mangifera spp. (Family: Anacardiaceae)  

General Description:

Light Hardwood. Major forest species of Mangifera include M. applanata, M. caesa, M. foetida, M. griffithii, M. indica, M. longipetiolata, M. laurina, M. odorata, M. pajang, M. parviflora, M. quadrifida and M. torquenda. In many trees, a streaky corewood is produced, where the wood is dark brown interspersed with streaks of blacks. This figured material is usually with a natural sheen. Also known as Pacific walnut (Australia); Machang (Brunei); Svay prey (Cambodia); Mangga and Mango (India); Mangga hutan and Membacang (Indonesia); Thayet (Myanmar); Magga and Mango (Pakistan); Malapaho, Paho and Pahutan (Philippines); Ailai and Asai (Soloman Islands); Estamba (Sri Lanka); Ma Muang Pa and Mamuang (Thailand); and Xoan tia (Vietnam).  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 545-610 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: light pink-brown to light brown
  • Sapwood: not clearly defined from the heartwood

Spot Characters:

  • moderately durable to non-durable under exposed conditions
  • very easy to average to treat with preservatives
  • texture is moderately fine and even with straight to interlocked grain
  • nailing property is excellent
  • the logs are generally free from defects except for borer attacks, which are confined to the sapwood


The timber is suitable for light construction, planking, flooring, packing boxes and crates, plywood, pallets (expendable as well as permanent and light duty type), posts, beams, joists, rafters and cooling tower (non-structural members). The streaky corewood is highly prized as a decorative timber and is used for high class cabinet work, interior finishing, panelling, mouldings, partitioning, furniture, ornamental items and staircase (apron lining, handrails and sprandrel framing).