Scientific Name:

Hopea spp. (Family:┬áDipterocarpaceae)  

General Description:

A heavy hardwood , coming from 10 heavy species of the genus Hopea. The trees range from small to large sized and they are found scattered in all states in Peninsular Malaysia from the coastal peat swamps to hills of 1,200 m altitude. The usage of this timber is similar to that of Balau.  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 865 - 1,220 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: yellow-brown, ageing to dark tan-brown, generally with a greenish tinge
  • Sapwood: moderately distinct, light yellow

Spot Characters:

  • timber very heavy
  • vertical canals in long tangential series
  • vessels mostly solitary, crowded and small in size
  • texture fine and even


The timber is suitable for all heavy construction, bridges, wharves, posts, beams, joists, heavy duty flooring, power-line poles, railway sleepers, lorry and truck bodies, container floor boards and heavy duty laboratory benches.