Chengal

Chengal

 

Scientific Name:

Neobalanocarpus heimii. (Family: Dipterocarpaceae)  

General Description:

A heavy hardwood. The trees can be found in low flat semi-swamps to hills up to 900m, but grow well on undulating land with light sandy oil. The bole is normally well shaped and clear for 30m or more.  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 915-980 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: yellow to light brown ageing to dark purple-brown, sometimes rust-red, and often has a greenish tinge when fresh.
  • Sapwood: distinct, pale yellow
 

 Spot Characters:

  • distinct ripple marks
  • vertical canals in long tangential series, usually much smaller than the vessels.
  • vessels are small and crowded
  • parenchyma aliform and in short tangential lines from ray to ray
  • tyloses are abundant
  • pin holes on  surface are common
 

Utilisation:

The timer is suitable for all forms of heavy construction, railway sleepers, bridges, wharves, power-line poles, heavy-duty furniture and flooring. A favourite timber used for boat building by local boat builders.