Scientific Name:

 Castanopsis spp. (Family: Fagaceae)  

General Description:

Light Hardwood. Major species include C. borneensis, C. buruana, C. clemensii, C.curtisii, C. endertii, C. evansii, C. foxworthyi, C. fulva, C. hypophoenicea, C. inermis, C. javanica, C. malaccensis, C.microphylla, C. motleyana, C. oviformis, C. paucispina, C. psilophylla, C. rhamnifolia and C. schefferiana. Also know as Indian chestnut (India); Saninten (Indonesia); Fan, Ko and Ko deng (Laos); Katia (Mynmar); New Guinea oak (Papua New Guinea); Gasa and Philippines chestnut (Philippines); Khoduiy, Kholaem, Ko and Ko nam (Thailand); and Ca-oi (Vietnam).  

Timber Description

  • Density: 610-980 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: dark brown or dark red-brown
  • Sapwood: light brown

Spot Characters:

  • generally not durable, being susceptible to fungal, powder post and ambrosia beetle attacks
  • texture is coarse and uneven due to the irregular distribution of the vessels. Grain is fairly straight but sometimes interlocked
  • logs are generally free from defects. However, they are very susceptible to termite attacks.


The timber is suitable for medium to heavy construction under cover, furniture, packing boxes and crates, pallets (expendable type), door and window frames and sills, staircase (carriage and newel), tool handles (impact), railway sleepers, joinery, cabinet-making and plywood.