Scientific Name:

Carallia spp.(Family: Rhizophoraceae)  

General Description:

Medium Hardwood, ASEAN Standard Name for the timber of Carallia spp. (Rhizophoraceae). Major species include C. borneensis, C. brachiata, C. euryoides and Carallia sp. Also known as Carallia (India); Ringgit darah (Indonesia); Maniawga (Myanmar); Bakauan gubat (Philippines); Dawata and Uberiya (Sri Lanka); and Chan Phra (Thailand).  

Timber Description:

  • Density: 670-930 kg/m3
  • Heartwood: red-brown with an orange hue
  • Sapwood: lighter in colour than the heartwood 

Spot Characters:

  • moderately durable
  • texture is coarse and uneven, due to the presence of the extremely large rays
  • grain is straight, interlocked or slightly wavy


The oak-like figure of this timber makes it suitable for interior finishing, decorative works, panelling, mouldings, joinery, cabinet making, decorative and high class furniture, flooring, door and window frames and sills, staircase (apron lining, handrail and sprandrel framing), vehicle bodies (framework and floor boards), plywood, telegraphic and power transmission posts and cross arms and other ornamental items.